This video discusses many of the details surrounding the miraculous translation of the Book of Mormon and why no one has ever been able to ‘match it’ .
Okay, in this video we’re going to talk about the actual production of the Book of Mormon by Joseph Smith. Absolute miracle of miracles, heart of the Restoration, the witness of the Restoration. I did a video, the first Evidences video that I did of course, but very poor production value back then. I was using my iPhone actually when I started this, and hopefully this is a little bit better. But I wanted to go much deeper. That was a more general video. This is actually the end of the Answering Critics video on different theories about how the Book of Mormon was created. This one is addressing Joseph’s intellect and how is this possible? Where do the words come from? Tackling this head on. I do love this quote from B. H. Roberts. He said, “Match it! Match it, I say, or with hand on lips remain silent when his [Joseph Smith’s] name is spoken.”
And in a minute I’ll talk more about how hard that would be to match it today with many different statistics. So first of all, take a look at this interesting comparison with a few other key books, how large the Book of Mormon is, almost 270,000 words. The New Testament had 184,000, so the Book of Mormon is almost 50% larger than the New Testament. The Quran, the first book in the Harry Potter series, both had 77,000 words, so three and a half times roughly those books. And Jack Welch did a great job in his book Opening the Heavens. He has a whole chapter on the timing of the Book of Mormon, and at max about 85 days for the translation. That could be as low as 57 days with a lot of the calendaring items that he does. But the majority of scholars think 63 to 65 days.
Now, in addition to that speed, look at these stunning details of the translation. They’re just remarkable. Brian Hales did a great piece that’s been published in BYU Studies. I’ll link to it. But, “Joseph Smith and his scribes worked with dictations of 20 to 30 words at a time. The scribe immediately read back the text to ensure accuracy. No books, manuscripts, or other documents were consulted during the dictation.” And Hales has a documentation on all of these where it all came from. “After breaks, he would start where he left off without reading back the previous portion. The vast word strings of the original draft were eventually typeset into approximately 6,852 sentences averaging 39.3 words each. Joseph afterward did not rearrange the sequence of a single sentence.” Think about that. “No rewriting or content editing occurring prior to sending the manuscript to the printer.”
Also look at number one and the second to the bottom. If the average sentence was 39 words, which is about double a typical author, and he’s dictating 20 to 30 word blocks, you’re doing partial sentences. Really quite, quite amazing. Without any documentation that you’ve got and you’re also doing it in a strange order. If you think about it, the lost manuscript was the book of Lehi, so when they actually started this, they started it Mosiah. And they did the small plates at the end. So we read 1 Nephi at the start of our reading of the Book of Mormon, that was the very end of the translation. So think about the intertextuality and trying to keep this all straight. It’s just amazing. And had multiple scribes, if you remember when Joseph translated the 116 pages, he had Emma, possibly even Reuben Hale slightly, and then Martin Harris of course there, and then Oliver at the end.
And I love how the Lord also used these people. Some of them fell away, never denied how this process happened. I think it’s fantastic. Now, both Oliver and Martin came back, but I think it stands as a great witness. Just like the Witnesses video I did. Okay, let’s look at some quotes here. Noel Reynolds, “All accounts agree that Joseph never paused to review even the previous page or sentence, and he used no notes, books or other reference material.” Dan Vogel, a critic, admitted, “Smith’s method of dictation did not allow for rewriting. It was a more-or-less stream-of-consciousness composition.”
Also, look at this, BYU Professor, Roger Terry, the Editorial Director at BYU Studies. He said, “Consider the fact that Joseph dictated an unpunctuated text… Without the guidance of punctuation to separate embedded clauses, this feat would would’ve been mind-boggling.” And I think there’s like 25,000 plus comments added by the typesetter there. So really quite amazing.
Now here’s a fascinating thing, and Brian Hales spoke at the Fair Mormon Conference in 2019. He gave this great example. He says, “We don’t need a scribe today. We can use this. We can actually use the voice-to-text app in our phones.” And so here’s the math, here’s what it would actually look like. Look on the screen here. The number of words in the Book of Mormon, 269,528. Remember 20 to 30 words per block. So let’s do the middle. 25 words. So that would be dictating a text of 10,781 text messages.
But here’s the kicker. As you do this, after you voice it into your phone, you can change the spelling or the grammar. But once you hit send, you’re done. You cannot change the sequencing of the order, even one time. In almost 11,000 of these blocks, they’re all stacked up in order, not a single change. That’s how the Book of Mormon happened. Think about that. It just boggles the mind completely.
And it also reminds me, think of who Joseph is. He’s this young, uneducated farm boy. This is just how the Lord works. Think about David, the boy shepherd that was to face Goliath and then become the King of Israel. Think about Moses, he had this inferiority complex and speech impediment and things, but he was called to to lead the children of Israel. It’s just like the Lord to do this. Instead of having some scholar, theologian to do this, he goes to this to really just show the miraculous nature of it. Now let’s look at this. So Tad Callister just put out a book, A Case for the Book of Mormon. This should be on the shelf of every Latter-day saint I think. It’s absolutely fantastic work there.
But he does this, in the book he references Hugh Nibley’s challenge to his students to write a book comparable to the Book of Mormon. And this is the way that he summarizes the challenge. “Write a history of ancient Tibet covering a period from 600 B.C. to A.D. 450. Why ancient Tibet? Because you know no more about Tibet than Joseph Smith or anyone else in the 1820’s knew about ancient America. There’s to be no research of any kind. It must be 531 pages and more than 300,000 words in length.” So he’s including the lost 116 pages. “Other than some grammatical corrections and a few other minor changes, you must make no modifications in the text. The first edition, as you dictate it to your secretary, must stand forever. You must change your style of writing many times to represent various authors.”
“Subsequent archaeological discoveries must support the truth of the objects, events, and names you refer to. You must invent 280 new names of people and places that will stand up under scrutiny through the years as to their proper application and derivation. Thousands of great men, intellectual giants, national and international personalities, and scholars must accept your history and its teachings as true. Tens of thousands of salespersons, i.e. missionaries, must give 18 months or more of their lives, paying their own expenses and bearing witness to the truth of the book. You must finish writing this book in 65 working days or fewer.” It’s absolutely stunning and you think about it too, the vernacular, writing in the King James vernacular of the Bible, the language of scripture of the day there.
And then the different voices mentioned there, style of writing. There’s been as many as 29 different voices through these word print studies, it’s called stylometry. It is a new emerging science and actually it’s been somewhat controversial. I am going to link to one page that this expert in my opinion, does a tremendous job in going through and analyzing. It’s Jonathan Cannon and I’ll link to it and his credentials are in that piece. But he at the very end of his piece of analyzing the heck out of all these types of studies, he says, “One author didn’t write the Book of Mormon, two didn’t either. And we don’t have anything else written by the people who did. For me, this is fact. Explain it how you will.”
Now he mentioned missionaries. I want to actually elaborate on that and think about all the different types of things of sacrifices, tens of millions over the history of the Church essentially. You think about the volunteerism, the study that was just done by the University of Pennsylvania, nine times the average volunteer of the time spent of Latter-day Saints. Think about tithing, how highly that’s observed. It’s a biblical principle, but only 4% of Christians pay a full tithe. I did a video on that.
Welfare, it’s on steroids. The self-reliance services today. Teach a man to fish. It’s phenomenal. You look at the behavior of what the saints are doing as a result of this book. It’s stunning. Okay, so Tad Callister goes on to say, “Does anyone honestly expect us to believe that Joseph Smith, an unlearned young man of 23 years of age, searched out and studied all these resources on Native American life, inhaled the related conversations on this topic, ferreted out the irrelevant, organized the remainder into an intricate story involving hundreds of characters, numerous locations, detailed war strategies and doctrinal gems, and then dictated it with perfect recollection without any notes whatsoever, no outline, no manuscript, nothing, a fact acknowledged even among Joseph’s critics?”
“During the entire translation process, no one remembers Joseph going to libraries, bringing any such books home or having any conversations concerning this research. Where, we might ask, is the corroborating evidence? It is nowhere to be found.” And then he concludes, “With all the claims that Joseph Smith or someone else wrote the Book of Mormon, I have never seen anyone match it. Rather than spending an entire lifetime criticizing the Book of Mormon and arguing that Joseph Smith wrote it, why don’t the critics just find some brilliant person in his or her twenties who in 65 working days can write a comparable work. Of course, in order to be comparable, it must be done without a computer or any research assistants and dictated without any notes in a single draft. In the end, this would be the critic’s best evidence that the Book of Mormon could be man-made. As B.H. Roberts challenged, ‘Just match it.'”
“But in the final analysis, this won’t happen. Why? Because the Book of Mormon is matchless. It’s a work of God and therefore cannot be duplicated by man.” Now, Book of Mormon Central, they did this phenomenal job. In fact, I’m going to link to the video that they did on the sophistication and complexity of the Book of Mormon. But just look at this page here. It’s stunning. “Over 200 named characters, 150 named locations, multiple migrations, district cultures, three calendar systems, a system of weights and measures, complex source texts, genealogies, lineage histories, political histories, authentic legal cases, realistic battles, multiple literary genres, embedded flashbacks, brilliant doctrinal discourses, numerous fulfilled prophecies, well over a thousand proposed intertextual relationships and Hebrew literary elements.”
“Amazingly, these features are all intricately woven together into a coherent narrative which is essentially free from error. For instance, the Book of Mormon has over 600 passages of geographic relevance scattered throughout its texts and yet virtually every city land, body of water, hill or region maintains a consistent spatial relationship with other geographical features. Another example of consistency comes from the lengthy genealogical record found in the book of Ether where the kings are listed in reverse order as you go through the book. Trying to keep track of these various sets of plates, through their transmission, through prophetic caretakers, and how they are all tied together can be a formidable task. Yet careful analysis has shown that the source text of the Book of Mormon had been masterfully abridged into a coherent and unified record.”
And they give lots of different examples. I’ll just give two really quick ones on this page here. “Chapters 17 through 27 of the book of Alma actually contain a flashback within a flashback allowing readers to view the destruction of Ammonihah from two different perspectives. Yet these separate narrative threads are expertly woven together and seamlessly converged back into the original storyline.” How about in Alma 11? “We find a developed system of weights and measures. Not only does it have parallels to ancient Mesopotamia and Egyptian systems, but its units of exchange are surprisingly practical.”
Okay and then last Brian Hales in his piece that he actually published a great piece in the Interpreter, I’ll link to it. He has a segment there in the complexity of the Book of Mormon also. He lists a lot of different things through observations. He says, ” … 175 individuals in groups who existed at least in 125 different topographical occasions. Found within the narrative are 337 proper names, of which 188 are unique to the Book of Mormon. The chapters reference more than 425 specific geographical movements. Also included are 430 identifiable chiasms with more than 30 being six-level or greater.” I did a video on that. “Throughout the Book of Mormon, Joseph Smith used more than a hundred different names for deity. The storyline includes complex words that BYU professor Roger Terry finds surprising to have been in Joseph’s available vocabulary in 1829.”
“Examples include …” and you can see them all there. I won’t read all that. I’ll just share a couple of quick ones. ” … Abhorrence, affrighted, enumerated, ignominious, stratagem.” See, I even have a hard time pronouncing it. Okay, so I love what Tad Callister said in his talk in October 2017 General Conference on the Book of Mormon. It was really some of the book that he produced essentially and talking about the different arguments, compelling witness of the Book of Mormon. And then he says, “These arguments account only for the book’s historical content. The real issues still remain: how did Joseph produce a book that radiates with the Spirit, and where did he get such profound doctrine, much of which clarifies or contradicts the Christian beliefs of his time?”
“For example, the Book of Mormon teaches, contrary to most Christian beliefs, that the fall of Adam was a positive step forward. It reveals the covenants made it baptism, which are not addressed in the Bible. In addition, one might ask, where did Joseph get the powerful insight that because of Christ’s Atonement, He cannot only cleanse us but also perfect us? Where did he get the stunning sermon on faith in Alma 32 or King Benjamin’s sermon on the Savior’s Atonement, perhaps the most remarkable sermon on the subject in all scripture? Or the allegory of the olive tree with all this complexity and doctrinal richness. When I read this allegory I have to map it out to follow its intricacies. Are we now supposed to believe that Joseph Smith just dictated these sermons off the top of his head with no notes whatsoever?” Boggles the mind.
Now, Brian Hales at the Fair Mormon conference in 2019 he talked about just opening up Joseph’s mind. How could he have done this? And remember the naturalistic theory of trying to say, if Joseph himself did this without any intervention from God, you have to show an understanding of how he did it. It has to be repeatable. So that’s the approach. So trying to crack it open he said, “One thing we can look at is creative writing.” We understand that, and then he applied that model and he spends almost an hour on this doing it, but then applying this to creative dictation as he called it, essentially, from the creative writing model. But a few snippets from that, and he published a lot of this in these things that I’ll link to.
“Historically, the composition technique taught in schools worldwide is called creative writing and comprises three general steps: pre-writing, choosing a subject, creating an outline, and performing the required research; writing, making initial drafting, combining sections; rewriting, revising, content-editing, and all subsequent drafts. When dictating a book to a scribe as Joseph did, step one is restricted to memory and step three is eliminated.”
“Creative dictation is more difficult than creative writing because as Louis Brandes who served as an Associate Justice on U.S. Supreme Court, explained, ‘There’s no good writing, there’s only good rewriting.’ Popular novelist and essayist Robert Stevenson concurred, ‘When I say writing, O, believe me, it is rewriting that I have chiefly in mind.’ This inherent limitation of creative dictation is probably why none of the authors in the comparisons charted below elected to rewrite their books from memory and then send them directly to the printer. Even genius-level intellects today pre-write, write and rewrite their books prior to completion.”
Okay. Now here’s some really fascinating insights that Hales shares on this creative dictation. He says, “Increased reliance on memory … during dictation, anything interjected into the text must be recalled. Eliminates access to external sources, outlines, research materials, notes, quotation books and maps. 18th-century lexicographer, Samuel Johnson explained, ‘The greatest part of a writer’s time is spent in reading. In order to write, a man will turn over half a library to make one book.’ No revising occurs. This intensifies the need to get the dictation right the first time.”
“In Steps to Writing Well, Jean Wyrick explains, ‘All good writers rethink, rearrange, and rewrite large portions of their prose … making important decisions about the best ways to focus, organize, develop, clarify and emphasize your ideas.’ Creative dictation is more challenging than creative writing. The associated memory burden and the inability to revise the previously compose texts are constraints that may explain why other authors in the past have evidently never chosen creative dictation as a way to compose lengthy volumes. Theory speculates that in the years prior to 1828, Smith was involved with multiple undocumented activities that preloaded his longterm memory with data … memorized parts of the King James Bible and multiple other books from which he could later recall parallel phrases. Visits to bookstores and libraries to view maps and encyclopedias … provided information that was mentally stored. This would have also required Joseph to manifest a vigorous short-term memory capable of rapidly transferring information. Creating each phrase and paragraph in succession without the need to resequence any sentences in the Book of Mormon.”
“Joseph’s midterm memory … responsible for keeping track of more than 425 geographical relationships and over 175 individuals in groups who existed in at least 125 different topographical locations … hundreds of doctrinal discussions. Since Smith did not refer to notes of previously dictated text, the midterm memory would have been responsible for keeping track of who was talking or journeying, as well as maintaining the progression of religious topics as they unfolded in the text.” It’s just simply staggering. Okay, some quotes on Joseph’s intellect at the time. Here’s some of these sayings. So Emma, his wife, “He had neither manuscript nor a book to read from. If he had anything of the kind, he could not have concealed it from me.” That was a reminder.
Now she said, “My belief is that the Book of Mormon is a divine authenticity. I’ve not the slightest doubt of it. I am satisfied that no man could have dictated the writing of the manuscript unless he was inspired. For when acting as his scribe, your father would dictate to me hour after hour. And when returning after meals or after interruptions, he would at once begin where we had left off without either seeing the manuscript or having any portion read to him. This was a usual thing for him to do.”
Now listen to this, “It would have been impossible that a learned man could do this and for one so ignorant and unlearned as he was, it was simply impossible.” And then she also said, “Joseph Smith as a young man could neither right nor dictate a coherent and well-worded letter, let alone dictate a book like the Book of Mormon.” You can start to understand Joseph’s intellect maybe back then. Lucy, his mother said, “Joseph was less inclined to the perusal of books than any of the rest of our children.” Interesting. Now listen to what David Whitmer said in an interview with the Chicago Times.
They quoted him. “Mr. Whitmer emphatically asserts as did Harris Cowdry that while Smith was dictating the translation, he had no manuscripts, notes or other means of knowledge save the seer stone and the characters as shown on the plates, he [Whitmer] being present and cognizant of how it was done. In translating the characters, Smith who was illiterate …”, notice that word illiterate. Now he could read, but it was a way to say uneducated in the day. And remember he had essentially a third grade equivalent education today, reading, writing, and basic arithmetic essentially. But he goes on to say, “… who was illiterate and but little versed in biblical lore was oftentimes compelled to spell the words out, not knowing the correct pronunciation. And Mr. Whitmer recalls the fact that at the time Smith did not even know that Jerusalem was a walled city.”
Now for a handful of others, “Certainly Smith was smart and innovative, but overall recollections… ” This is Hales, “… in the historical record are mixed. Pomeroy Tucker also wrote that Smith was uneducated and ignorant. Orsamus Turner believed Smith possessed of less than ordinary intellect.” Emma’s dad, Isaac, listen to this. He says, “I first became acquainted with Joseph Smith Jr. in November, 1825. His appearance at the time was that of a careless young man, not very well educated.” Similarly, John Gilbert, who typeset the Book of Mormon in 1830 remembered, “We had a great deal of trouble with it, the Book of Mormon manuscript, it was not punctuated at all. They [Joseph and Oliver] did not know anything about punctuation.” When asked, was he, Joseph Smith educated? He responded, “Oh, not at all then.” “There is also no evidence that Joseph visited local libraries and Emma Smith, David Whitmer and Lucy Mack Smith reported that his knowledge of the Bible was limited.”
Okay. Now, gospel scholar Melvin Thorne said, “It’s too complex to have been written by Joseph in the manner and in the amount of time described by witnesses. Indeed, it is too complex to have been written by Joseph in the manner hypothesized by his enemies or critics. Ultimately, it appears to be too complex to have been written by Joseph or any of his contemporaries in the early 19th century under any conceivable set of circumstances other than the one Joseph describes: the translation by miraculous means of an authentically ancient document.”
And the Pulitzer Prize winning American historian Daniel Walker Howe said this. He’s not a Latter-day saint. He said, “True or not, the Book of Mormon is a powerful epic, written on a grand scale with a host of characters, a narrative of human struggle and conflict, of divine intervention, heroic good and atrocious evil, of prophecy, morality, and law. It’s narrative structure is complex.” And he says, “The Book of Mormon should rank among the great achievements of American literature.” And think about how it came about through creative dictation in this two-month period basically with no notes. It’s just staggering.
Now some final things. This is fascinating. So Brian Hales did this study. He’s developed this… So if you go into, and I’ll link to it, into this piece in Interpreter, he has a bunch of different studies on different authors over time. And he showed just to show how the Book of Mormon looks like compared to some of these. So here’s one of my favorite ones. He did this Books Written in Fewer than Nine Weeks. So look at this page. You might want to just pause it if you want to just digest it, but look at the education. So Joseph, frontier education. Look at the rest. Basically all college level. Look at the ages. Joseph’s 24 compared to all the rest. Look at the words. The word count is stunning of the Book of Mormon. Multiples over even the second placed one there.
And then the second highest Lexile score, that is a way to compute maybe the grade level of the reading. This is about an eighth grade level score of 1150. There are some other ones and he puts it in the appendix showing even up to college level, some of the scales of the Book of Mormon. But this one on eighth grade so you can see on a comparison with the rest there. Here’s another one he did comparing young writers of age 24 and below. Look at this one again, look at the schooling. There’s maybe only one that might be comparable to Joseph. We don’t really know. But she was home tutored it says here, Mary Shelley that wrote Frankenstein.
But look at also the word count. The second place one is half the size of the Book of Mormon. And then again look at the Lexile score, the Book of Mormon by far is the highest on there. So again it’s got some fascinating stuff. And then one last one. This is just for fun just to show how interesting it is comparing to some very famous authors, and how early Joseph was writing compared to, for example, Shakespeare or Tolkien or Rowling. So an interesting graph there as well. Okay. Now I want to share this parable from Hugh Nibley on the Book of Mormon being compared to a controversial diamond that was found.
He says, “A young man once claimed he found a large diamond in his field. He put the stone on display and everyone took sides. A psychologist showed by citing some famous case studies that the young man was suffering from a well-known form of delusion. A historian showed that other men have also claimed to have found diamonds in fields and had been deceived. A geologist proved that there was no diamonds in the area, but only quartz. When asked to inspect the stone itself, the geologist declined. A sociologist showed that only 3 of the 177 forest assistants in 4 major cities believed the stone was genuine. A clergyman wrote a book to show that it was not the young man, but someone else who found the stone.”
Finally, an indigent jeweler pointed out that since the stone was still available for examination, the answer to the question of whether it was a diamond or not had absolutely nothing to do with who found it, or whether the finder was honest or sane, or who believed him, or whether he would know a diamond from a brick, but was to be answered simply by putting the stone to certain well-known tests for diamonds. Experts on diamonds were called in. Some of them declared it genuine. The others made nervous jokes about it and declared that they could not very well jeopardize their dignity and reputations by appearing to take the thing too seriously.”
“To hide the bad impression thus made, someone came out with a theory that the stone was really a synthetic diamond, very skillfully made, but a fake just the same. The objection to this is that the production of a good synthetic diamond in that day and age, would have been an even more remarkable feat than the finding of a real one.” I hope you can see all the parallels with the Book of Mormon in that story.
Okay, now I want to finish with Elder Holland’s landmark address on the Book of Mormon in the October, 2009 General Conference and then share my testimony about this personally.
So he said, “For 179 years this book has been examined and attack, denied and deconstructed, targeted and torn apart like perhaps no other book in any religious history, and still it stands. In this, I stand with my own great-grandfather who said simply enough, ‘No wicked man could write such a book as this, and no good man would write it unless it were true and he were commanded of God to do so.’ I testify that one cannot come to full faith in this latter-day work and thereby find the fullest measure of peace until he or she embraces the divinity of the Book of Mormon and the Lord Jesus Christ of whom it testifies. If anyone is foolish enough or misled enough to reject 531 pages without honestly attempting to account for the origin of those pages, especially without accounting for their powerful witness of Jesus Christ and the profound spiritual impact that witness had on what is now tens of millions of readers, then such a person, elect or otherwise has been deceived.”
“And if he or she leaves this Church, it must be done by crawling over or under or around the Book of Mormon to make that exit.” I am one of those tens of millions and I love how in the Doctrine and Covenants it talks about receiving personal revelation in your mind and in your heart. This video is right here in your mind. It makes no other sense logically for me at all. This is probably one of the greatest miracles ever to have happened on earth, and it’s a witness of the Restoration. And for me it gives me such comfort. As I read it, I have the testimony in my heart that I feel the Spirit, that it’s true. And so mind and in the heart. It helps me feel this comfort that God does exist. Not only does He exist, He’s our father.
That there is a plan. There’s a purpose to this life, that Jesus Christ through Him and His atoning sacrifice, we can live again and we can become perfect. That the gospel was restored in its fullness here. The priesthood authority, ordinances, covenants. It’s amazing. And we have a prophet today. All of these things, and the witness for me, even believing in the Bible, that’s something that’s told that this would be a purpose of the Book of Mormon. People in the secular age today are fleeing from trusting in the Bible. This allows you the strength of the Bible and the witness there. So that is my testimony and I leave it with you in the name of Jesus Christ. Amen. Hope you enjoyed the video. Subscribe for more.
A Case For The Book of Mormon by Tad Calister
From Darkness unto Light: Joseph Smith’s Translation and Publication of the Book of Mormon by Michael Mackay and Gerrit Dirkmaat
Opening the Heavens: Accounts of Divine Manifestations, 1820-1844 by John Welch
Brian Hales – BYU Studies article: Naturalistic Explanations of the Origin of the Book of Mormon – A Longitudinal Study: https://byustudies.byu.edu/content/na…
Brian Hales – Interpreter article: Curiously Unique: Joesph Smith as Author of the Book of Mormon https://journal.interpreterfoundation…
Tad Callister – BYU Devotional on the Book of Mormon: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=InVmv…
Elder Holland 2009 General Conference Talk on the Book of Mormon: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TMWK2…
John (Jack) Welch lecture at Book of Mormon Studies on Timing of the Book of Mormon: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RT4bF…
Review of Stylometry (aka wordprint) Studies on Book of Mormon by Jonathon Cannon: https://rationalfaiths.com/book-of-mo…
Latter-day Saints’ Q&A is a video series not produced by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, but by me, an ordinary member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, an independent voice, with a passion for studying Church history and defending the faith. In this series, I provide evidences for the restoration, and address tough questions posed by critics of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, offering faithful answers based on accurate research and historical references which will be posted at the end of each video.